ELDEN PUEBLO, WINONA METEORITE
ELDEN PUEBLO ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE
Graphic: Peter Pilles, USDA Forest Service
Roughly thirty-five miles to the west-northwest of Meteor Crater, Arizona, along old Route 66, is the little town of Winona. About five miles northeast of Winona is a prehistoric Native American village called Elden Pueblo. A tribal people now refered to as the Sinagua occupied the site from around 1070 to 1275 AD before mysteriously disappearing. During the 200 years or so the pueblo complex was occupied it grew from a few pit houses to covering several acres and over 60 rooms. In 1928, during excavation of the site, archeologists discovered a fifty-three pound meteorite, the Winona Meteorite, carefully buried in a specially designed man-made stone cist in the floor of one of the rooms. The manner in which it was wrapped and buried, nearly duplicating the exact same method of burial as a revered young child of the Sinagua culture would be, indicates that the pueblo builders most likely considered the meteorite a sacred object --- possibly after witnessing its fall.
At the time of its discovery the meteorite was apparently a single, large, cohesive egg-shaped mass. However, in spite of the fact it had traveled thousands upon thousands of miles across the far reaches of the solar system, successfully survived the fiery entry through the Earth's atmosphere along with its eventual hard-ground impact onto the desert floor --- AND, even though the Indians were apparently able to move it to the burial site where it then laid underground and undisturbed for over 700 years, upon its removal in 1928, it fell to pieces.
Interestingly enough, the special significance the Indians bestowed on the Winona Meteorite is itself a mystery. Scientifically, the meteorite is very rare type generally classified as a primitive achondrite --- sometimes known as winonaite --- which means it was melted or partially melted "geologically" at its host source, in the process producing an igneous rock --- NOT from Earth entry or Earth impact. Of the 1,813 known stony meteorites, about 7 percent (132) are achondrites, with even less being actual or true winonaites. Research indicates that winonaites most likely originated on what is called a partially differentiated asteroid that was disrupted through collision or impact just as it began to form an iron core and a silicate-rich crust. Although the majority of achondrites are thought to have come from that single or similar source, some are known to have originated from the highland regions of the Moon’s farside and from Mars. For the most part they are very different from other meteorites. How or if the Indians discerned the significance of that difference is not known.
WINONA METEORITE IN CIST
The following is from ROSWELL INCIDENT: UPDATED and highly related to Elden Pueblo:
In late June of 1947 a young boy boy and his Uncle, a notorious bio-searcher who will eventually have several plant species named after him and strong ties to southwestern Native American cultures, just happened to be on a road trip so the boy can learn first hand about The Long Walk endured by the Navajos and Apaches as well as visit the gravesite of Billy the Kid, located two miles outside of Fort Sumner, New Mexico. The two had been on an excursion into the Arizona Strip searching for fossils related to the Teratorn, a giant bird with over a twenty-foot wingspan thought to be the inspiration of Native American Thunderbird legends. Leaving the Arizona Strip, in an impromptu decision following an indepth discussion about the Long Walk, they decided to go to Fort Sumner and while there visit Billy's gravesite. During the trip the boy got a touch of food poisoning and spent a long uncomfortable night awake. Monday morning June 30, found them on old Route 66 just south of the Grand Canyon outside Williams, Arizona --- headed in the direction of New Mexico and a planned stop at the Elden Pueblo as well as Meteor Crater. Sometime between 9:00 and 10:00 AM, the boy, dozing on and off because of lack of sleep, was startled awake by his uncle swerving the truck and yelling something like, "What the..." The boy is thrown to the floor of the cab and because of same is not able to see the cause for concern. According to his uncle, swooping in behind and over his left shoulder from out of the northwest and only a few hundred feet above the top of the truck were two large, sharp-edged, almost flat disc-shaped objects, blunt across the back and seemingly made of metal. The objects were flying side by side with one slightly in front, both headed ESE out over the horizon at an incredible high rate of speed. In only the few seconds it takes the boy to scramble up from under the dash the objects are gone, leaving in their wake only a small residue lingering in the air like the smell of electricity and a quarter-mile wide swath of thick swirling air laying turbulently above the treetops like a sweltering mirage over a desert dry lake.
Painting by Leota La Paz, the wife of Dr. Lincoln
La Paz, showing a nighttime sighting of a green
fireball over the Sandia Mountains, New Mexico.
Pushing some 350 miles southeast of Elden Pubelo across rugged mountainous terrain and harsh desert flatlands is a place called White Sands, New Mexico. There, in the early pre-dawn hours of Monday, July 16, 1945, almost exactly two years to the date BEFORE the alleged downed object related to the Roswell UFO, at a spot in a highly secured area out in the opens of the White Sands Proving Grounds and given the name Trinity Site --- the first nuclear explosive device on Earth was set off.
Shortly after that test, and more extensively so after World War II ended a month or so later, a wide swath of the desert night sky over the general New Mexico area began being inundated by "green fireballs." Theoreticians in the Air Force believed the fireballs were propelled objects and not natural phenomena, bearing a very close similarity to the war-time Foo Fighters. Most of the experts, including famed meteorite hunter Dr. Lincoln La Paz, were in agreement that normal fireballs (meteors) are seldom if ever green, their trajectory is forced on them by gravity, and leave meteorites when they plunge to Earth. The green fireballs sighted over New Mexico did none of these things. Neither did they appear to be electrostatic phenomena as they moved too regularly and too fast. It is thought that the growing abundance of mysterious objects in the night sky over New Mexico and Arizona --- as well as the possibility of meteors from Mars like the one found secreted away in the underground stone cist in Winona is what drove ONE of the two archaeologists associated with the downed object, William Lawrence Campbell, (the other being William Curry Holden) further and further away from his Meteor Crater haunts and out into the barren flat scrublands and mountains of the desert southwest, only to end up near Roswell on that fateful night in July, 1947.
1945 SAN ANTONIO NEW MEXICO UFO CRASH ENCOUNTER
One month after the atomic bomb test at Trinity Site, at the very start of the green fireballs showing up in New Mexico and a full two years before the Roswell UFO crash down, there was still to this day a little known incident involving a similar if not more sophisticated object or craft of some type several miles to the west of the Roswell impact site. Re the following:
"Mid August of 1945 found my uncle well into the rugged terrain on BLM land some 25 miles or so from ground zero, not far from the small New Mexico community of San Antonio. To beat the heat of the noonday sun he had been doing his testing in both the early morning hours or near sunset, holing up the rest of day among the rocks and cliff-sides away from the sun. On one of those mid August days, after spending a good part of the afternoon in a relative cool shaded area, including a nice siesta induced nap, my uncle gathered up his stuff and headed out to continue his biosearching, slowly wending his way on foot some distance into a section that was too rough for his vehicle. As the day was edging toward dusk he was jarred from his concentration first by the feeling of an intense blast of heat followed by a deep chest shuddering air-vibration caused by a huge, weird-shaped flying object, seemingly made of metal and whining like a sick vacuum cleaner that streaked in out of the sky almost directly overhead on a slightly down-angle from parallel to the ground. The object, as it crossed out of sight barely maintaining its height advantage above the undulating canyons and rock strewn hills, all the while traveling at an ultra high speed, by the sound of it, slammed hard, and somewhat explosively so, possibly before it even hit, into the rocks and soil some distance away."(source)
For you the reader who may need a quick reminder, the time period we are talking about here when my uncle, after seeing, then coming across the crashed remains of an airborne object of an unknown nature in August of 1945, it was way before anything like flying saucers or UFOs came into the public eye. Not only was the event, which has since come to be called the 1945 San Antonio New Mexico UFO Crash Encounter, two full years before Kenneth Arnold saw what he called flying saucers or flying discs traveling in a formation over Mount Rainier on June 24, 1947 --- the event that almost single handedly set into motion the whole modern-day flying saucer movement --- it was also two years before the July 4, 1947 Roswell incident.
So said, during the first several years following the San Antonio event my uncle just did not pull forward the Welles incident in his thoughts enough to place any of what he saw or experienced into a "coming from another world" or "outer space" context --- and for sure, nothing that appeared to be an invasion. Although he had personally seen, experienced, and participated in what many outsiders might consider strange surrounding some aspects of the various Native American cultures he interacted with, some even hinting at or framed in primative extra-terrestrial parables --- none leaned outwardly toward what one would think of as a modern day science fiction. My uncle died in 1989 and to his knowledge, from the time of having first seen the object until the time of his death, even though he personally knew a road had been constructed within a week or two to the site and the object apparently removed using the same road --- which would entail a great amount of forethought and logistics, not to mention time, money, men, and equipment --- no one else had ever come forward and said they saw anything remotely related to the event. It wasn't until Roswell UFO and similar happenings such as the 1953 Kingman UFO that my uncle was able to look back in time and realize he had been witness to something truly remarkable.
THE METEOR CRATER METEORITE: What Happened To It?
POWER OF THE SHAMAN
ROSWELL UFO ARCHAEOLOGISTS
THE WANDERLING'S JOURNEY
ON THE RAZOR'S
WITH THANKS TO
Achondrites are made of rock that has crystallized from a molten state. They contain mostly one or more of the minerals plagioclase feldspar, pyroxene, and olivine, and generally, but not always, lack the small rounded inclusions known as chondrules that are typical of chondrites. Most achondrites are chemically similar to basalts and are thought to be the product of melting on large asteroids, moons, and planets. Soon after these bodies formed, they were heated from within and partially melted. Although this process is still active on Earth, it ended about 4.4 billion years ago on asteroids, 2.9 billion years ago on the Moon, and perhaps 1 billion years ago on Mars. Heating the primordial mixture of stony minerals, metals, and sulfides (of which chondrites are made) produced liquids, the densest of which sank to become planetary or asteroidal cores. Lighter stony minerals rose and solidified to become basaltic rocks, fragments of which were subsequently broken off by impacts and hurled into space. Although the majority of achondrites are of asteroidal origin, some are known to have come from the highland regions of the Moon's farside and from Mars.