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Graphic: Peter Pilles, USDA Forest Service

the Wanderling

Roughly thirty-five miles to the west-northwest of Meteor Crater, Arizona, along old Route 66, is the little town of Winona. About five miles northeast of Winona is a prehistoric Native American village called Elden Pueblo. A tribal people now refered to as the Sinagua occupied the site from around 1070 to 1275 AD before mysteriously disappearing. During the 200 years or so the pueblo complex was occupied it grew from a few pit houses to covering several acres and over 60 rooms. In 1928, during excavation of the site, archeologists discovered a fifty-three pound meteorite, the Winona Meteorite, carefully buried in a specially designed man-made stone cist in the floor of one of the rooms. The manner in which it was wrapped and buried, nearly duplicating the exact same method of burial as a revered young child of the Sinagua culture would be, indicates that the pueblo builders most likely considered the meteorite a sacred object --- possibly after witnessing its fall.

At the time of its discovery the meteorite was apparently a single, large, cohesive egg-shaped mass. However, in spite of the fact it had traveled thousands upon thousands of miles across the far reaches of the solar system, successfully survived the fiery entry through the Earth's atmosphere along with its eventual hard-ground impact onto the desert floor --- AND, even though the Indians were apparently able to move it to the burial site where it then laid underground and undisturbed for over 700 years, upon its removal in 1928, it fell to pieces.

Interestingly enough, the special significance the Indians bestowed on the Winona Meteorite is itself a mystery. Scientifically, the meteorite is very rare type generally classified as a primitive achondrite --- sometimes known as winonaite --- which means it was melted or partially melted "geologically" at its host source, in the process producing an igneous rock --- NOT from Earth entry or Earth impact. Of the 1,813 known stony meteorites, about 7 percent (132) are achondrites, with even less being actual or true winonaites. Research indicates that winonaites most likely originated on what is called a partially differentiated asteroid that was disrupted through collision or impact just as it began to form an iron core and a silicate-rich crust. Although the majority of achondrites are thought to have come from that single or similar source, some are known to have originated from the highland regions of the Moon’s farside and from Mars.[1] For the most part they are very different from other meteorites. How or if the Indians discerned the significance of that difference is not known.


The following is from ROSWELL INCIDENT: UPDATED and highly related to Elden Pueblo:

In late June of 1947 a young boy boy and his Uncle, a notorious bio-searcher who will eventually have several plant species named after him and strong ties to southwestern Native American cultures, just happened to be on a road trip so the boy can learn first hand about The Long Walk endured by the Navajos and Apaches as well as visit the gravesite of Billy the Kid, located two miles outside of Fort Sumner, New Mexico. The two had been on an excursion into the Arizona Strip searching for fossils related to the Teratorn, a giant bird with over a twenty-foot wingspan thought to be the inspiration of Native American Thunderbird legends. Leaving the Arizona Strip, in an impromptu decision following an indepth discussion about the Long Walk, they decided to go to Fort Sumner and while there visit Billy's gravesite. During the trip the boy got a touch of food poisoning and spent a long uncomfortable night awake. Monday morning June 30, found them on old Route 66 just south of the Grand Canyon outside Williams, Arizona --- headed in the direction of New Mexico and a planned stop at the Elden Pueblo as well as Meteor Crater. Sometime between 9:00 and 10:00 AM, the boy, dozing on and off because of lack of sleep, was startled awake by his uncle swerving the truck and yelling something like, "What the..." The boy is thrown to the floor of the cab and because of same is not able to see the cause for concern. According to his uncle, swooping in behind and over his left shoulder from out of the northwest and only a few hundred feet above the top of the truck were two large, sharp-edged, almost flat disc-shaped objects, blunt across the back and seemingly made of metal. The objects were flying side by side with one slightly in front, both headed ESE out over the horizon at an incredible high rate of speed. In only the few seconds it takes the boy to scramble up from under the dash the objects are gone, leaving in their wake only a small residue lingering in the air like the smell of electricity and a quarter-mile wide swath of thick swirling air laying turbulently above the treetops like a sweltering mirage over a desert dry lake.

Painting by Leota La Paz, the wife of Dr. Lincoln
La Paz, showing a nighttime sighting of a green
fireball over the Sandia Mountains, New Mexico.

Pushing some 350 miles southeast of Elden Pubelo across rugged mountainous terrain and harsh desert flatlands is a place called White Sands, New Mexico. There, in the early pre-dawn hours of Monday, July 16, 1945, almost exactly two years to the date BEFORE the alleged downed object related to the Roswell UFO, at a spot in a highly secured area out in the opens of the White Sands Proving Grounds and given the name Trinity Site --- the first nuclear explosive device on Earth was set off.

Shortly after that test, and more extensively so after World War II ended a month or so later, a wide swath of the desert night sky over the general New Mexico area began being inundated by "green fireballs." Theoreticians in the Air Force believed the fireballs were propelled objects and not natural phenomena, bearing a very close similarity to the war-time Foo Fighters. Most of the experts, including famed meteorite hunter Dr. Lincoln La Paz, were in agreement that normal fireballs (meteors) are seldom if ever green, their trajectory is forced on them by gravity, and leave meteorites when they plunge to Earth. The green fireballs sighted over New Mexico did none of these things. Neither did they appear to be electrostatic phenomena as they moved too regularly and too fast. It is thought that the growing abundance of mysterious objects in the night sky over New Mexico and Arizona --- as well as the possibility of meteors from Mars like the one found secreted away in the underground stone cist in Winona is what drove ONE of the two archaeologists associated with the downed object, William Lawrence Campbell, (the other being William Curry Holden) further and further away from his Meteor Crater haunts and out into the barren flat scrublands and mountains of the desert southwest, only to end up near Roswell on that fateful night in July, 1947.





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Achondrites are made of rock that has crystallized from a molten state. They contain mostly one or more of the minerals plagioclase feldspar, pyroxene, and olivine, and generally, but not always, lack the small rounded inclusions known as chondrules that are typical of chondrites. Most achondrites are chemically similar to basalts and are thought to be the product of melting on large asteroids, moons, and planets. Soon after these bodies formed, they were heated from within and partially melted. Although this process is still active on Earth, it ended about 4.4 billion years ago on asteroids, 2.9 billion years ago on the Moon, and perhaps 1 billion years ago on Mars. Heating the primordial mixture of stony minerals, metals, and sulfides (of which chondrites are made) produced liquids, the densest of which sank to become planetary or asteroidal cores. Lighter stony minerals rose and solidified to become basaltic rocks, fragments of which were subsequently broken off by impacts and hurled into space. Although the majority of achondrites are of asteroidal origin, some are known to have come from the highland regions of the Moon's farside and from Mars.